Article date: 1989/1/1
PubMed ID: 2553073
Journal name: Journal of neural transmission. General section (ISSN: )
The in vivo efficacies and potencies of various excitatory amino acid agonists in inducing cholinergic neuronal degeneration were compared following unilateral injections into the rat striatum. Kainic acid (KA), alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA), ibotenic acid (IBO), and N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) all produced dose-related decreases in choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity. The relative order of potency was KA greater than AMPA greater than IBO greater than NMDA. Quisqualic acid (QUIS) was about as potent as NMDA, but the maximal decrease in ChAT activity was less (36%). N-acetylaspartyl-L-glutamate (NAAG) did not significantly decrease ChAT activity when up to 1,000 nmoles was injected. Approximate equitoxic doses of agonists were then used to examine the ability of i.p. administered CGS-19755 and MK-801 to prevent in vivo excitatory amino acid-induced cholinergic and GABAergic neuronal degeneration. NMDA-induced decreases in ChAT and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) activities were prevented by CGS-19755 (10-40 mg/kg) and MK-801 (1-10 mg/kg). CGS-19755 (40 mg/kg) and MK-801 (10 mg/kg) did not prevent loss of ChAT or GAD induced by KA or AMPA, but did prevent the degenerative effects of IBO. This study shows that CGS-19755 and MK-801, two NMDA receptor antagonists that act by different mechanisms, are completely selective following systemic administration. Moreover, the in vivo excitotoxic effects of IBO are mediated at NMDA receptor sites that are blocked by these compounds.
Author List: Schoepp D D, Salhoff C R, Hillman C C, Ornstein P L
Publication Types: Journal Article
Substances mentioned in the article: Dibenzocycloheptenes; Oxazoles; Pipecolic Acids; Piperidines; Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate; Receptors, Neurotransmitter; Ibotenic Acid; Aspartic Acid; selfotel; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; N-Methylaspartate; Dizocilpine Maleate; Choline O-Acetyltransferase;
Mesh terms: Animals; Aspartic Acid/toxicity; Choline O-Acetyltransferase/metabolism; Cholinergic Fibers/drug effects; Corpus Striatum/drug effects; Dibenzocycloheptenes/pharmacology; Dizocilpine Maleate; Ibotenic Acid/toxicity; Male; N-Methylaspartate; Nerve Degeneration/drug effects; Oxazoles/toxicity; Pipecolic Acids; Piperidines/pharmacology; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate; Receptors, Neurotransmitter/antagonists & inhibitors; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/metabolism;