Article date: 1989/9/1
PubMed ID: 2554185
Journal name: Neuropharmacology (ISSN: 0028-3908)
The effects of taurine and some lipophilic derivatives of taurine on binding to GABA and benzodiazepine receptors were studied in intact cerebellar granule cells. The phenylsuccinylimido derivatives of taurine appeared to increase the binding of muscimol in micromolar concentrations, while taurine decreased it slightly. Only minor changes were seen in the basal binding of flunitrazepam, whereas stimulation of the binding by GABA was strongly reduced by piperidino, benzamido and phenyl-succinylimidotaurine with taurine itself again showing only a weak effect. Diphenylhydantoin, which bears structural resemblance to the phenylsuccinylimido group, had a strong effect on the stimulated binding of flunitrazepam and it also slightly reduced the basal level of binding. Thus, it seems possible that the effects of the phenylsuccinylimido derivatives of taurine on the binding of flunitrazepam were due to this chemical structure and not to the taurine-like core of the molecules. The phthalimido derivative of taurine, taltrimide, which has been tested in clinical trials with epileptic patients, did not show any activity in the binding studies.
Author List: Malminen O, Kontro P
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Substances mentioned in the article: Lipids; Receptors, GABA-A; Taurine; Muscimol; Phenytoin; Flunitrazepam;
Mesh terms: Animals; Cells, Cultured; Cerebellum/metabolism; Chemical Phenomena; Chemistry, Physical; Flunitrazepam/metabolism; Lipids/analysis; Muscimol/metabolism; Phenytoin/metabolism; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Receptors, GABA-A/drug effects; Taurine/analogs & derivatives;