Chronic clonazepam administration decreases gamma-aminobutyric acidA receptor function in cultured cortical neurons.

Article date: 1989/11/1

PubMed ID: 2555677

Journal name: Molecular pharmacology (ISSN: 0026-895X)


Chronic benzodiazepine administration has been reported to decrease gamma-aminobutyric acidA (GABAA) receptor function in animals and may alter benzodiazepine binding in neuronal cultures. To assess GABAA receptor function in neuronal cultures exposed to chronic clonazepam, we measured muscimol-stimulated chloride uptake in chick cerebral cortical cultures treated acutely and for 2, 4, and 10 days. Acute clonazepam administration (1 microM) led to an increase in GABA-related chloride uptake at lower doses of muscimol. After chronic clonazepam (1 microM), maximal uptake was markedly decreased at day 10, but maximal uptake was unchanged after 2- and 4-day treatments. Benzodiazepine receptor binding was decreased by approximately 60% after 10 days due to a decrease in receptor number. Decreases in chloride uptake were also observed after 10 days of treatment with 0.1 and 10 microM clonazepam. Concomitant treatment with 0.1 microM Ro15-1788 abrogated the effect of 0.1 microM clonazepam on chloride uptake. Chronic clonazepam treatment (1 microM) did not alter total cellular protein, cellular protein synthesis or degradation or percentage of neuronal cells, as determined morphologically and by [3H]ouabain binding.

Author List: Miller L G, Roy R B, Weill C L

Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Substances mentioned in the article: Chlorides; Receptors, GABA-A; Picrotoxin; Benzodiazepines; Muscimol; Flumazenil; Clonazepam; picrotoxinin;

Mesh terms: Animals; Benzodiazepines/metabolism; Cells, Cultured; Cerebral Cortex/metabolism; Chick Embryo; Chlorides/metabolism; Clonazepam/administration & dosage; Drug Administration Schedule; Flumazenil/pharmacology; Muscimol/pharmacology; Picrotoxin/analogs & derivatives; Receptors, GABA-A/drug effects;

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