Anatomically distinct output channels of the caudate nucleus and orofacial dyskinesia: critical role of the subcommissural part of the globus pallidus in oral dyskinesia.

Article date: 1989/1/1

PubMed ID: 2561520

Journal name: Neuroscience (ISSN: 0306-4522)


The findings in this feline study indicate that the enkephalin-positive subcommissural part of the globus pallidus, which is known to contain GABA and cholinergic cells projecting to the cortex, is innervated by the anterodorsal region of the caudate nucleus, but not by the core. Like stimulation of a particular subclass of dopamine receptors in the anterodorsal region of the caudate nucleus, inhibition of the GABA receptors in the noted part of the globus pallidus resulted in orofacial dyskinesia, viz. tic-like contractions of the facial, eye and ear muscles, and tongue protrusions. This phenomenon was elicited by intrapallidal injections of the GABA antagonist picrotoxin in a dose-dependent manner and could be attenuated by the GABA agonist muscimol. Previous studies have already shown that neither stimulation of the dopamine receptors in the core of the caudate nucleus nor any manipulation with the first- and second-order output-stations of the latter brain region, viz. (a) those regions of the substantia nigra, pars reticulata which receive afferents from the caudate nucleus, and (b) those regions of the intermediate layers of the superior colliculus which receive afferents from the latter nigral region, ever resulted in orofacial dyskinesia. These findings support the hypothesis that the anatomically distinct input-output channels of the caudate nucleus are differentially involved in orofacial dyskinesia. The clinical impact of these findings is discussed in view of the L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine-induced tardive dyskinesia in man. In addition, the relevance of the anatomical data is discussed in view of the co-occurrence of Parkinson's Disease and Dementia of Alzheimer-type in certain patients.

This document is available from: http://directlinks.cc/files/muscimol/2561520.pdf

Author List: Cools A R, Spooren W, Bezemer R, Cuypers E, Jaspers R, Groenewegen H

Publication Types: Journal Article

Substances mentioned in the article: Receptors, GABA-A; Picrotoxin; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid;

Mesh terms: Animals; Cats; Caudate Nucleus/physiopathology; Disease Models, Animal; Dyskinesia, Drug-Induced/physiopathology; Facial Muscles/physiopathology; Globus Pallidus/physiopathology; Male; Neural Pathways/physiology; Picrotoxin/pharmacology; Receptors, GABA-A/drug effects; Tongue/physiopathology; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/physiology;

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