Effects of intrahypothalamic injections of GABA, muscimol, pentobarbital, and L-glutamic acid on feed intake of satiated sheep.

Article date: 1989/1/1

PubMed ID: 2565753

Journal name: Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology (ISSN: 0008-4212)


Five wethers were surgically prepared with cranial implants to study the role of gabaminergic neural pathways on the hypothalamic control of feeding behaviour in ruminants. In the first experiment, the animals were injected (1 microL) with a physiological Tyrode (0.95%) solution, muscimol (0.5 and 1.0 nmol), GABA (0.5 and 1.0 nmol), and L-glutamic acid (0.5 and 1.0 nmol). Feed intake following injections of muscimol (1.0 nmol) and L-glutamic acid (0.5 and 1.0 nmol) was twice as large as that following the Tyrode solution, at 60-min postinjections. These results, however, were not statistically significant (p = 0.12-0.15). In the second experiment, the animals were injected (1 microL) with saline, muscimol (0.8 nmol), L-glutamic acid (0.8 nmol), and pentobarbital (0.26 mumol). Fifteen minutes after the injections, pentobarbital had induced a significant feeding response when compared with control values (p less than 0.01), whereas the effect of L-glutamic acid was not significant. However, 30 min after the injections, feed intake of sheep having received L-glutamic acid was higher than that obtained with the control injections (p less than 0.01). The response to pentobarbital was stronger than that to either muscimol or L-glutamic acid. Histological analyses of brain tissue indicated that injections were performed in the ventromedial hypothalamus of four sheep and in the dorsomedial hypothalamus of the other. The data indicate that L-glutamic acid stimulates feed intake by acting either as a precursor of GABA or by a direct stimulation of glutaminergic neural pathways involved in the control of feed intake.

This document is available from: http://directlinks.cc/files/muscimol/2565753.pdf

Author List: Wandji S A, Seoane J R, Roberge A G, Bédard L, Thibault L

Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Substances mentioned in the article: Glutamates; Muscimol; Glutamic Acid; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; Pentobarbital;

Mesh terms: Animals; Feeding Behavior/drug effects; Glutamates/pharmacology; Glutamic Acid; Hypothalamus/drug effects; Male; Muscimol/pharmacology; Pentobarbital/pharmacology; Satiation; Sheep; Time Factors; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/pharmacology;

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