Article date: 1989/11/1
PubMed ID: 2573696
Journal name: Journal of neurophysiology (ISSN: 0022-3077)
1. The possible role of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) as an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the human cerebral cortex was investigated with the use of intracellular recordings from neocortical slices maintained in vitro. 2. Electrical stimulation of afferents to presumed pyramidal cells resulted in an initial excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) followed by fast and slow inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (IPSPs). The early IPSP had an average reversal potential of -68 mV, was associated with a mean 67-nS increase in membrane conductance, was reduced by the GABAA antagonist bicuculline, was sensitive to the intracellular injection of Cl-, and was mimicked by the GABAA agonist muscimol. 3. The late IPSP, in contrast, had an average reversal potential of -95 mV, was associated with a mean 12-nS increase in membrane conductance, was reduced by the GABAB antagonist phaclofen, and was mimicked by the GABAB agonist baclofen. 4. Block of the early IPSP by bicuculline or picrotoxin led to the generation of paroxysmal epileptiform activity, which could be further enhanced by reduction of the late IPSP. 5. These data strongly support the hypothesis that GABA is a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the human cerebral cortex and that GABAergic IPSPs play an important role in controlling the excitability and responsiveness of cortical neurons.
Author List: McCormick D A
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Substances mentioned in the article: Chlorides; GABA Antagonists; Neurotransmitter Agents; Muscimol; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; Baclofen;
Mesh terms: Baclofen/pharmacology; Cerebral Cortex/physiology; Chlorides/pharmacology; Electrophysiology; GABA Antagonists; Humans; In Vitro Techniques; Injections; Intracellular Membranes; Muscimol/pharmacology; Neural Inhibition; Neurons/physiology; Neurotransmitter Agents/physiology; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/physiology;