Article date: 1989/1/1
PubMed ID: 2576838
Journal name: Acta oto-laryngologica. Supplementum (ISSN: 0365-5237)
The present experiment was designed to determine which neurotransmitter influences the burst pattern in the firing of the inhibitory burst neurons (IBN) during vestibular nystagmus. Cats were anesthetized with ether and mounted in a stereotaxic apparatus on a turntable, implanted stimulation electrodes, removed occipital bone and aspirated the vermal part of cerebellum. After the operation ether was discontinued. The recordings took place with the cats in an alert condition created by upper cervical cord transsection, artificial respiration and local anesthesia by infiltrating 0.5% lidocaine into the semilunar ganglions every two hours. We also employed iontophoretic application of the various drugs: GABA, muscimol, glycine, serotonin (5-HT) and bicuculline through seven-barrelled glass micropipettes. GABA or muscimol did not influence nystagmus rhythm, but both chemicals caused strong suppression of burst activities in IBN. Since this inhibitory effect of GABA was suppressed by the simultaneous application of bicuculline, IBNs appear to be controlled by GABAA receptor. Glycine and 5-HT did not change the firing pattern of IBN. Application of bicuculline itself caused an increase of tonic discharges of IBN. These findings suggest that IBN receive inhibitory impulses from the higher GABAergic neurons.
Author List: Furuya N, Shigihara S, Yabe T, Ashikawa H
Publication Types: Journal Article
Substances mentioned in the article: Neurotransmitter Agents; Receptors, GABA-A;
Mesh terms: Animals; Cats; Neurons/drug effects; Neurotransmitter Agents/pharmacology; Nystagmus, Pathologic/physiopathology; Receptors, GABA-A/drug effects; Vestibule, Labyrinth/cytology;