Comparative effects of kainic, quisqualic, and ibotenic acids on phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase-containing cells of rat retina.

Article date: 1989/2/1

PubMed ID: 2646762

Journal name: Toxicology (ISSN: 0300-483X)


Phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase (PNMT) activity is located in a subpopulation of amacrine cells in the inner nuclear layer of the rat retina. Kainic, quisqualic, and ibotenic acids, all of which are analogues of glutamic acid, were injected intravitreally to the right and saline to the contralateral left eyes of adult male rats in order to determine the effect of these agents upon retinal PNMT activity. Animals were sacrificed 1 week later for tissue removal. The effect of these agents was measured by radiometric assay for PNMT. The fall in PNMT activity was used to measure the sensitivity of the PNMT-containing cells to these agents. Kainic acid was the most potent, producing the greatest reduction in PNMT activity in the smallest doses. Quisqualic acid was intermediate in potency to that of kainic and ibotenic acids. Ibotenic acid reduced PNMT activity only in extremely high doses. The PNMT-containing cells are sensitive to the toxic actions of kainic and quisqualic acids, but relatively insensitive to the actions of ibotenic acid.

Author List: Cohen J

Publication Types: Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Substances mentioned in the article: Oxadiazoles; Oxazoles; Ibotenic Acid; Quisqualic Acid; Phenylethanolamine N-Methyltransferase; Choline O-Acetyltransferase; Kainic Acid;

Mesh terms: Animals; Choline O-Acetyltransferase/analysis; Ibotenic Acid/toxicity; Kainic Acid/toxicity; Male; Organ Size/drug effects; Oxadiazoles/toxicity; Oxazoles/toxicity; Phenylethanolamine N-Methyltransferase/analysis; Quisqualic Acid; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Retina/drug effects;

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