Article date: 1987/8/31
PubMed ID: 2821455
Journal name: Neuroscience letters (ISSN: 0304-3940)
The binding of 4-amino-n-[2,3-3H]butyric acid (GABA) to receptor sites in the supraoesophageal ganglia of the locust Schistocerca gregaria is reported. Binding is saturable with a Kd of 30 nM and a Bmax of 150 fmol/mg protein. Binding is sodium-independent with a pH optimum of 6.8 and the pharmacological properties of the site suggest a receptor rather than an uptake or transport protein. The assay is being utilised in a comparative study of the binding sites of the GABA receptor and the enzyme 4-aminobutyrate: 2-oxoglutarate amino-transferase (EC 22.214.171.124, GABA-T). GABA binds to at least 4 proteins in the nervous system of vertebrates: the GABAA and GABAB receptors, GABA-T the enzyme involved in the GABA shunt, and the GABA transport system. In the invertebrates the status of these GABA-binding proteins is less well established. There are reports of a GABA receptor complex resembling the GABAA receptor; GABA-T activity has been reported and we have recently purified the enzyme from locust ganglia; it is assumed that GABA uptake systems are present in invertebrates. Proteins with different functions which specifically bind the same ligand are interesting from an evolutionary point of view. Are they distinct gene products or is the sub-unit of the receptor which binds GABA an enzyme which has lost the ability to bind pyroxidal phosphate? Do either receptor or enzyme differ significantly from their mammalian counterparts?
Author List: Rutherford D M, Jeffery D, Lunt G G, Weitzman P D
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Substances mentioned in the article: GABA Antagonists; Receptors, GABA-A; Muscimol; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid;
Mesh terms: Animals; GABA Antagonists; Ganglia/metabolism; Grasshoppers/metabolism; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Kinetics; Muscimol/metabolism; Neurons/metabolism; Receptors, GABA-A/metabolism; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/metabolism;