Sensitivity of embryonic spontaneous motility to the GABA agonists baclofen and muscimol.

Article date: 1988/1/1

PubMed ID: 2836873

Journal name: Physiologia Bohemoslovaca (ISSN: 0369-9463)


The development of the sensitivity of spontaneous motor activity to the GABA agonists baclofen (10 mg/kg egg weight, systemic administration) and muscimol (0.8 mg/kg e.w., systemic administration) was tested in 11-day to 19-day-old chick embryos. 1) Baclofen already significantly depressed the frequency of spontaneous movements in 11-day embryos; its effect attained the maximum (85% depression of spontaneous motility) in 13-day embryos. After the 15th day of incubation, it reduced spontaneous motor activity by 50-60%. In spinal embryos, baclofen had the same, but a quantitatively more pronounced effect, demonstrated from its direct action on the spinal cord uninfluenced by supraspinal modulation, which began to be manifested after the 15th day of incubation. 2) Muscimol did not begin to inhibit spontaneous motility significantly until the 13th day of incubation. Subsequently, the latent period of its effect shortened, its duration lengthened and, lastly, its quantitative result also increased. 3) A comparison of the effect of GABA (Sedlácek 1978), muscimol and baclofen in 17-day chick embryos showed that the depressive effect increased in the sequence baclofen less than GABA less than muscimol, but that GABA took effect faster than the others. The results testify that the maturation of the individual elements of the GABA-ergic central inhibition system is a complex process.

Author List: Sedlácek J

Publication Types: Journal Article

Substances mentioned in the article: Receptors, GABA-A; Muscimol; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; Baclofen;

Mesh terms: Animals; Baclofen/pharmacology; Chick Embryo; Motor Activity/drug effects; Muscimol/pharmacology; Receptors, GABA-A/drug effects; Time Factors; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/pharmacology;

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