Article date: 1988/7/1
PubMed ID: 2837533
Journal name: Journal of neurochemistry (ISSN: 0022-3042)
Effects of acute and subacute administration of bicuculline on [3H]muscimol, [3H]flunitrazepam, and t-[35S]butylbicyclophosphorothionate ([35S]TBPS) binding to various brain regions were studied in Sprague-Dawley rats. Acute administration of bicuculline affected neither the KD nor the Bmax of the three receptor sites. In rats treated subacutely with bicuculline (2 mg/kg, i.p., daily for 10 days), [3H]muscimol binding was increased in the frontal cortex, cerebellum, striatum, and substantia nigra. Scatchard analysis revealed that subacute treatment of rats with bicuculline resulted in a significantly lower KD of high-affinity sites in the striatum and in a significantly lower KD of high- and low-affinity sites in the frontal cortex. In the cerebellum, two binding sites were apparent in controls and acutely treated animals; however, only the high-affinity site was defined in subacutely treated animals, with an increase in the Bmax value. Triton X-100 treatment of frontal cortical membranes eliminated the difference in [3H]muscimol binding between control and subacute bicuculline treatments. On the other hand, [3H]muscimol binding was significantly increased in the cerebellum from bicuculline-treated animals even after Triton X-100 treatment. The apparent Ki of bicuculline for the GABAA receptor was also decreased in the frontal cortex and the striatum following the treatment. However, subacute administration of bicuculline affected neither the KD nor the Bmax of [3H]flunitrazepam and [35S]TBPS binding in the frontal cortex and the cerebellum. These results suggest that GABAA receptors are up-regulated after subacute administration of bicuculline, with no change in benzodiazepine and picrotoxin binding sites.
Author List: Ito Y, Lim D K, Hoskins B, Ho I K
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Substances mentioned in the article: Bridged Bicyclo Compounds; Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic; Receptors, GABA-A; Muscimol; Polyethylene Glycols; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; Flunitrazepam; tert-butylbicyclophosphorothionate; Octoxynol; Bicuculline;
Mesh terms: Animals; Bicuculline/pharmacology; Brain/metabolism; Bridged Bicyclo Compounds/metabolism; Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic; Cerebellum/metabolism; Corpus Striatum/metabolism; Flunitrazepam/metabolism; Frontal Lobe/metabolism; Male; Muscimol/metabolism; Octoxynol; Polyethylene Glycols/pharmacology; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Receptors, GABA-A/drug effects; Substantia Nigra/metabolism; Synaptic Membranes/metabolism; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/metabolism;