Article date: 1988/5/10
PubMed ID: 2839269
Journal name: Brain research (ISSN: 0006-8993)
The involvement of intranigral gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors in the control of generalized non-convulsive epilepsy was investigated in a genetically determined model of petit mal epilepsy in the rat. Bilateral intranigral injection of muscimol (2 ng/0.2 microliter/side), a GABA agonist, significantly suppressed EEG-recorded spike-and-wave discharges for about 80 min, both at the cortical and thalamic levels. This suppressive effect was shown to be dose-dependent, reproduced by bilateral intranigral injections of 4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-isoxazolo [5,4-c]pyridin 3-ol (THIP), another GABA agonist, and reversed by a subsequent intranigral injection of bicuculline methiodide, a GABA antagonist. In addition, the anti-absence effects of bilateral intranigral injections of muscimol were well localized to the substantia nigra. Bilateral intranigral injections of GABA antagonists per se had no effects on the discharges. These results demonstrate that activation of GABA receptors in the substantia nigra suppresses the occurrence of spike-and-wave discharges in an animal model of generalized non-convulsive epilepsy. The results are compared to data obtained in models of generalized convulsive epilepsy and the hypothesis of nigral GABAergic mechanisms as a control system for generalized epilepsies is discussed.
Author List: Depaulis A, Vergnes M, Marescaux C, Lannes B, Warter J M
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Substances mentioned in the article: Receptors, GABA-A; Muscimol;
Mesh terms: Animals; Electroencephalography; Epilepsy/physiopathology; Evoked Potentials; Male; Muscimol/pharmacology; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Receptors, GABA-A/physiology; Substantia Nigra/drug effects;