Quantitative electrocortical changes in the rat induced by phencyclidine and other stimulants.

Article date: 1985/4/1

PubMed ID: 2860591

Journal name: Neuropharmacology (ISSN: 0028-3908)


An automated technique for the continuous analysis of different frequency bands of the electrocorticogram (ECoG) of the rat has been used to quantify the actions of phencyclidine (PCP) and various other stimulant drugs. It has been demonstrated that phencyclidine, etoxadrol and LY154045 produced similar changes in the individual frequency bands whereas amphetamine and apomorphine had different profiles of activity. The phencyclidine-like compounds exhibited extremely strong stimulation of the ECoG with very large increases recorded in high frequency (15-50 Hz) activity and reductions in all other frequency bands. Various compounds have been used in an attempt to antagonise the changes in the ECoG. Chlorpromazine caused a slight shift in the dose-response curves as did chlordiazepoxide when used with phencyclidine. The GABA agonists, THIP and muscimol, had no effect on the stimulation of the ECoG. In contrast another presumed GABA agonist, baclofen, proved to be the most effective agent for blocking the stimulation induced by phencyclidine. The role of the GABAB receptor in the action of phencyclidine is discussed.

This document is available from: http://directlinks.cc/files/muscimol/2860591.pdf

Author List: Neal H, Bond A

Publication Types: Journal Article

Substances mentioned in the article: Dioxolanes; Isoquinolines; Isoxazoles; Muscimol; Chlordiazepoxide; LY 154045; Baclofen; Phencyclidine; gaboxadol; Apomorphine; Dextroamphetamine; Chlorpromazine;

Mesh terms: Animals; Apomorphine/pharmacology; Baclofen/pharmacology; Cerebral Cortex/drug effects; Chlordiazepoxide/pharmacology; Chlorpromazine/pharmacology; Dextroamphetamine/pharmacology; Dioxolanes/pharmacology; Electroencephalography; Isoquinolines/pharmacology; Isoxazoles/pharmacology; Male; Muscimol/pharmacology; Phencyclidine/pharmacology; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains;

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