The role of striatal cholinergic mechanisms for the development of limb rigidity: an electromyographic study in rats.

Article date: 1986/5/14

PubMed ID: 2872938

Journal name: Brain research (ISSN: 0006-8993)


The muscarinic cholinergic agonist bethanechol (0.25-1.0 micrograms) injected bilaterally into various parts of the rat neostriatum induced a tonic electromyogram (EMG) activity in the gastrocnemius muscle which is considered to be a measure of limb rigidity. This tonic EMG activity was found to be dose-dependent and muscarine-specific since it could be blocked by coadministration of the muscarinic antagonist N-methylscopolamine (1.0 micrograms). Tonic EMG activity of comparable amount was observed after injections of bethanechol (1.0 microgram) into all regions of the neostriatum but not into the globus pallidus, thalamus, zona incerta or cortex. The tonic EMG activity induced by intrastriatal injection of bethanechol (1.0 microgram) was abolished by a subsequent injection of the GABAmimetic drug muscimol (25 ng) into the posterior part of the substantia nigra pars reticulata suggesting that bethanechol-induced limb rigidity is mediated via impairment of GABAergic transmission within the substantia nigra pars reticulata.

This document is available from: http://directlinks.cc/files/muscimol/2872938.pdf

Author List: Schwarz M, Ikonomidou C, Klockgether T, Turski L, Ellenbroek B, Sontag K H

Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Substances mentioned in the article: Bethanechol Compounds; Bethanechol; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid;

Mesh terms: Animals; Bethanechol; Bethanechol Compounds; Brain Mapping; Cholinergic Fibers/physiology; Corpus Striatum/physiopathology; Electromyography; Male; Muscle Rigidity/chemically induced; Neural Pathways/physiopathology; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Substantia Nigra/physiopathology; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/physiology;

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