Article date: 1986/11/1
PubMed ID: 2879254
Journal name: Neuropharmacology (ISSN: 0028-3908)
Compulsive gnawing was produced in mice by administration of either methylphenidate or (after sensitizing pretreatment with the neuroleptic, tetflutixol) apomorphine. Drugs which antagonise stereotypy, such as ceruletide (CER, a sulphated decapeptide related to cholecystokinin octapeptide), haloperidol, zuclopenthixol and fluphenazine were applied in equipotent doses (reducing stereotypy by 80%). Clonazepam, muscimol, clonidine and scopolamine (but not methylscopolamine) antagonized to a different extent the antistereotype effect of ceruletide and the neuroleptics. The ED50s for clonazepam and other drugs, were determined; clonazepam had the greatest potency. Regarding the antagonism of the antistereotype effect, ceruletide was similar to but by no means congruent with haloperidol. The antagonism of the antistereotype effect was specific because other effects of ceruletide and cholecystokinin octapeptide (inhibition of exploratory rearing activity, ptosis, antinociception, hypothermia) were not antagonized by clonazepam and only weakly modified by scopolamine. Methylscopolamine was ineffective throughout, indicating a central site for the mechanism of the actions studied of scopolamine. In conclusion, the antistereotype effect of ceruletide is different from that of conventional neuroleptic drugs and functionally independent of other behavioural effects of the cholecystokinin-like peptides.
Author List: Zetler G
Publication Types: Journal Article
Substances mentioned in the article: Antipsychotic Agents; Methylphenidate; Muscimol; Scopolamine Hydrobromide; Clonazepam; Ceruletide; Clopenthixol; Haloperidol; Sincalide; Clonidine; Fluphenazine;
Mesh terms: Animals; Antipsychotic Agents/administration & dosage; Ceruletide/administration & dosage; Clonazepam/administration & dosage; Clonidine/administration & dosage; Clopenthixol/administration & dosage; Fluphenazine/administration & dosage; Haloperidol/administration & dosage; Male; Methylphenidate/administration & dosage; Mice; Muscimol/administration & dosage; Scopolamine Hydrobromide/administration & dosage; Sincalide/administration & dosage; Stereotyped Behavior/drug effects;