Article date: 1987/12/1
PubMed ID: 2893996
Journal name: Neuroscience (ISSN: 0306-4522)
Acetylcholinesterase staining and studies on the uptake of [3H]choline into the subsequent efflux of tritium from collicular slices were carried out in order to provide evidence for a neurotransmitter function of acetylcholine in rabbit superior colliculus. Acetylcholinesterase staining was dense and homogeneous in superficial layers whereas the staining was arranged in patches with slightly higher density caudally than rostrally in the intermediate layers. The accumulation of tritium in slices incubated with [3H]choline depended on time, temperature and concentration, and was inhibited by hemicholinium-3. Accumulation was slightly higher in caudal than in rostral slices. Electrical stimulation enhanced tritium outflow from slices preincubated with [3H]choline. Tetrodotoxin and a low calcium medium inhibited the evoked overflow whereas hemicholinium-3 caused an enhancement. Oxotremorine decreased the evoked overflow; atropine prevented this effect. The opioids [D-Ala2, MePhe4, Glycol5]enkephalin, [D-Ala2, D-Leu5]enkephalin and ethylketocyclazocine caused an inhibition. The effects of the latter two agonists were antagonized by naloxone. The GABAB-receptor-agonist (-)-baclofen decreased the evoked overflow at lower concentrations than GABA, whereas the GABAA-receptor-agonist muscimol was ineffective. Serotonin produced an inhibition which was prevented by metitepin, alpha- and beta-adrenoceptor as well as dopamine-receptor ligands caused no change. It is concluded that in the rabbit superior colliculus the pattern of acetylcholinesterase staining is comparable, but not identical to the distribution in other species. The accumulation of [3H]choline, as well as the tetrodotoxin-sensitive and calcium-dependent overflow of tritium upon electrical stimulation (reflecting presumably release of [3H]acetylcholine) indicate that acetylcholine has a neurotransmitter function in this tissue. The release of [3H]acetylcholine was modulated by various transmitter substances and related compounds. The pattern of modulation of release differed from the pattern in other cholinergically innervated tissues.
Author List: Wichmann T, Illing R B, Starke K
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Substances mentioned in the article: Endorphins; Neurotransmitter Agents; Tetrodotoxin; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; Oxotremorine; Acetylcholinesterase; Choline; Acetylcholine;
Mesh terms: Acetylcholine/metabolism; Acetylcholinesterase/analysis; Animals; Choline/metabolism; Electric Stimulation; Endorphins/pharmacology; Female; In Vitro Techniques; Male; Neurotransmitter Agents/metabolism; Oxotremorine/pharmacology; Rabbits; Superior Colliculi/drug effects; Tetrodotoxin/pharmacology; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/pharmacology;