Article date: 1988/8/1
PubMed ID: 2899136
Journal name: Journal of neurochemistry (ISSN: 0022-3042)
The binding of alpha-[3H]amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid ([3H]AMPA), a structural Glu analog, to rat striatal membranes was studied. In the absence of potassium thiocyanate and Cl-/Ca2+, saturation-curve analysis of [3H]AMPA binding suggested that a single class of noninteracting binding sites with a KD value of 340 +/- 27 nM was involved, although AMPA inhibition of [3H]AMPA binding set at a concentration of 100 nM suggested, in contrast, the presence of multiple populations of striatal binding sites. Several other excitatory amino acid receptor agonists and antagonists were tested, and the most potent and selective quisqualic acid (QA) receptor agonists (QA, L-Glu, and AMPA) were found to represent the most potent inhibitors of [3H]AMPA binding. N-Methyl-D-aspartate receptor agonists and antagonists were ineffective as displacers of the [3H]AMPA binding. Lesions of intrastriatal neurons (using kainic acid local injections) and of corticostriatal afferent fibers led 2-3 weeks later to large decreases (63 and 30%, respectively) in striatal [3H]AMPA binding, whereas selective lesion of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic pathway (using nigral injection of 6-hydroxy-dopamine) was without any influence. Taken together, these results suggest that [3H]AMPA binding is primarily associated with postsynaptic intrastriatal neurons. Some [3H]AMPA binding sites may also be located presynaptically on corticostriatal nerve endings. So, in addition to the possibility that [3H]AMPA binding sites may be involved in corticostriatal synaptic transmission, it is interesting that these putative QA-preferring excitatory amino acid receptor sites may also play some role in autoregulatory processes underlying this excitatory synaptic transmission.
Author List: Errami M, Nieoullon A
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Substances mentioned in the article: Glutamates; Oxadiazoles; Oxazoles; 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic Acid; Ibotenic Acid; Glutamic Acid; alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid; Quisqualic Acid; Choline O-Acetyltransferase; Glutamate Decarboxylase; Dopamine;
Mesh terms: 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic Acid/metabolism; Animals; Binding Sites; Choline O-Acetyltransferase/metabolism; Corpus Striatum/metabolism; Denervation; Dopamine/metabolism; Glutamate Decarboxylase/metabolism; Glutamates/pharmacology; Glutamic Acid; Ibotenic Acid/analogs & derivatives; Membranes/metabolism; Oxadiazoles/pharmacology; Oxazoles/metabolism; Quisqualic Acid; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid;