2903223

Foot-shock stress and anxiogenic beta-carbolines increase t-[35S]butylbicyclophosphorothionate binding in the rat cerebral cortex, an effect opposite to anxiolytics and gamma-aminobutyric acid mimetics.

Article date: 1988/12/1

PubMed ID: 2903223

Journal name: Journal of neurochemistry (ISSN: 0022-3042)

ABSTRACT

The effect of foot-shock stress on t-[35S]butylbicyclophosphorothionate [( 35S]TBPS) binding to fresh unwashed membrane preparations from rat cerebral cortex was studied and was compared to those of GABAA receptor agonists and antagonists and to positive and negative modulators of the GABAergic transmission. [35S]TBPS binding was increased in the cerebral cortex of rats exposed to foot shock compared to that of nonstressed rats. Scatchard analysis revealed that the effect of foot shock was due to an increase in the total number of [35S]TBPS binding sites. In contrast, the in vitro addition of muscimol or GABA induced a dose-dependent inhibition of [35S]TBPS binding, an effect abolished by the concomitant addition of the GABA receptor antagonist, bicuculline, which, per se, enhanced [35S]TBPS binding by 73%. Thus, bicuculline, similar to stress, increased [35S]TBPS binding in the same membrane preparation. In contrast to stress, the anxiolytic and positive modulators of the GABAergic transmission (ZK 93423, ZK 91296, and diazepam) inhibited the specific binding of [35S]TBPS in a concentration-dependent manner. The greatest inhibitory effect was produced by ZK 93423 at 30 microM (31% of control), followed by diazepam (54% of control) and by the partial agonist ZK 91296 (61% of control). Scatchard plot analysis indicated that the inhibition induced by ZK 93423 and diazepam was due to a decrease in the density of [35S]TBPS recognition sites. On the other hand, the anxiogenic beta-carbolines DMCM and FG 7142 mimicked the effect of stress. Thus, at a 10 microM concentration, DMCM and FG 7142 increased [35S]TBPS binding by 22% and 26%, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

This document is available from: http://directlinks.cc/files/muscimol/2903223.pdf

Author List: Concas A, Serra M, Atsoggiu T, Biggio G

Publication Types: Comparative Study; Journal Article

Substances mentioned in the article: Anti-Anxiety Agents; Bridged Bicyclo Compounds; Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic; Bridged-Ring Compounds; Carbolines; Convulsants; GABA Antagonists; Receptors, GABA-A; methyl 6,7-dimethoxy-4-ethyl-beta-carboline-3-carboxylate; Muscimol; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; FG 7142; tert-butylbicyclophosphorothionate; ZK 91296; ZK 93423; Diazepam;

Mesh terms: Animals; Anti-Anxiety Agents/pharmacology; Bridged Bicyclo Compounds/metabolism; Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic; Bridged-Ring Compounds/metabolism; Carbolines/pharmacology; Cell Membrane/metabolism; Cerebral Cortex/drug effects; Convulsants; Diazepam/pharmacology; Electroshock; GABA Antagonists; Kinetics; Male; Muscimol/pharmacology; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Receptors, GABA-A/metabolism; Stress, Physiological/metabolism; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/pharmacology;

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