Article date: 1988/12/1
PubMed ID: 2904773
Journal name: The American journal of physiology (ISSN: 0002-9513)
The presence of receptors that regulate the release of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) was studied in strips of the guinea pig urinary bladder. GABA (10(-8)-10(-5) M) and muscimol (10(-8)-10(-5) M), but not baclofen (10(-5) M), reduced the Ca2+-dependent, tetrodotoxin-resistant release of [3H]GABA evoked by high K+ from the urinary bladder strips preloaded with [3H]GABA. The inhibitory effect of muscimol was antagonized by bicuculline and potentiated by diazepam, clonazepam, and pentobarbital sodium. The potentiating effect of clonazepam was antagonized by Ro 15-1788. Acetylcholine (ACh) inhibited the high K+-evoked release of [3H]GABA. The inhibitory effect of ACh was antagonized by atropine sulfate and pirenzepine but not by hexamethonium. Norepinephrine (NE) inhibited the evoked release of [3H]GABA. The inhibitory effect of NE was mimicked by clonidine, but not by phenylephrine, and was antagonized by yohimbine but not by prazosin. These results provide evidence that the release of GABA from strips of guinea pig urinary bladder is regulated via the bicuculline-sensitive GABAA receptor, M1-muscarinic, and alpha 2-adrenergic receptors.
Author List: Shirakawa J, Taniyama K, Iwai S, Tanaka C
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Substances mentioned in the article: Hexamethonium Compounds; Tritium; Phenylephrine; Muscimol; Yohimbine; Hexamethonium; Pirenzepine; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; Clonazepam; Atropine; Baclofen; Pentobarbital; Clonidine; Acetylcholine; Potassium; Prazosin; Bicuculline;
Mesh terms: Acetylcholine/pharmacology; Animals; Atropine/pharmacology; Baclofen/pharmacology; Bicuculline/pharmacology; Clonazepam/pharmacology; Clonidine/pharmacology; Female; Guinea Pigs; Hexamethonium; Hexamethonium Compounds/pharmacology; In Vitro Techniques; Male; Muscimol/pharmacology; Pentobarbital/pharmacology; Phenylephrine/pharmacology; Pirenzepine/pharmacology; Potassium/pharmacology; Prazosin/pharmacology; Tritium; Urinary Bladder/drug effects; Yohimbine/pharmacology; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/secretion;