Article date: 1986/1/1
PubMed ID: 2934244
Journal name: Endocrinology (ISSN: 0013-7227)
We have evaluated the role of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the neuroendocrine control of beta-endorphin (beta-EP) secretion in the rat. Plasma beta-EP and beta-lipotropin (beta-LPH) levels and beta-EP-like immunoreactivity (beta-EPLI) in the anterior pituitary (AP) and neurointermediate lobe (NIL) were determined after administration of GABA antagonist or agonist drugs in male rats under resting conditions or after potent physical stresses. Bicuculline (0.1-0.8 mg/kg BW ip), a GABA receptor antagonist, induced a dose-related rise in plasma beta-EP and beta-LPH levels and a concomitant decrease in beta-EPLI concentrations in the AP but not in the NIL. Muscimol, a potent GABA-mimetic drug, did not alter baseline plasma beta-EP and beta-LPH levels, whether given systemically (1.0-2.0 mg/kg BW ip) or intracerebroventricularly (500 ng/kg BW), but prevented the effect of bicuculline on plasma and AP-beta-EP and beta-LPH concentrations. Administration of foot shock or restraint stress induced a clear-cut activation of the AP-related beta-EP secretion, an effect that was prevented by pretreatment with muscimol. Together, these data show that GABA-ergic mechanisms, probably operating at a central nervous system level, exert an inhibitory action on resting and stimulated beta-EP and beta-LPH secretion. Since no alterations in beta-EP concentrations in the NIL occurred after manipulations with GABA-ergic drugs or stress, and these were detected only in the AP, an interaction between GABA-ergic neurons and CRF neurons is the most likely explanation for the reported findings.
Author List: Petraglia F, Cella S G, Radice L, Genazzani A R, Müller E E
Publication Types: Comparative Study; Journal Article
Substances mentioned in the article: Endorphins; Muscimol; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; beta-Endorphin; Bicuculline;
Mesh terms: Animals; Bicuculline/pharmacology; Endorphins/secretion; Male; Muscimol/pharmacology; Pituitary Gland, Anterior/drug effects; Pituitary Gland, Posterior/drug effects; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Stress, Physiological/metabolism; beta-Endorphin; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/pharmacology;