Article date: 1985/4/1
PubMed ID: 2985201
Journal name: Brain research (ISSN: 0006-8993)
Acute injection of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) mimetics progabide, aminooxyacetic acid, gamma-acetylenic GABA and dipropylacetamide reduced 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) accumulation in serotonergic nerve terminal regions (prefrontal cortex, olfactory tubercle, septum, striatum, hypothalamus, hippocampus, substantia nigra, cerebellum and spinal cord) as well as in corresponding cell body areas (raphé dorsalis, medianus, pontis and magnus). This effect was antagonized by bicuculline. The inhibition of serotonin (5-HT) synthesis induced by a single progabide administration was accentuated on repeated treatment in the striatum, prefrontal cortex and cerebellum but was similar to that seen after acute treatment in the other areas. Local infusion of high concentrations of GABA or GABA mimetics into the striatum, septum or substantia nigra failed to modify 5-HTP accumulation in these areas. Cerebral hemitransection antagonized the ability of progabide (1200 mg/kg i.p.) to diminish 5-HTP accumulation in the striatum, hippocampus and prefrontal cortex. Intra-raphé dorsalis infusion of muscimol (0.1-100 ng) or GABA (1-100 micrograms) decreased 5-HT synthesis in the corresponding projection areas (e.g. striatum, substantia nigra, cortex) but not in the hippocampus or cerebellum. Conversely, intra-raphé medianus infusion of these drugs diminished 5-HTP accumulation in the corresponding projection areas (e.g. hippocampus, septum, cortex) but not in the striatum or cerebellum. Intra-raphé dorsalis or medianus injection of GABA antagonists (bicuculline, picrotoxinin, RU-5135) was without effect on cerebral 5-HT synthesis but antagonized the diminution of the amine synthesis observed in corresponding projection areas after intra-raphé dorsalis or medianus infusion of muscimol or GABA. These results suggest that GABA exerts an inhibitory (non-tonic) control over central serotonergic neurons which is mediated via GABA receptors located in the raphé nuclei.
Author List: Nishikawa T, Scatton B
Publication Types: Journal Article
Substances mentioned in the article: Receptors, GABA-A; Serotonin; progabide; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; 5-Hydroxytryptophan;
Mesh terms: 5-Hydroxytryptophan/metabolism; Animals; Brain/metabolism; Male; Neural Inhibition; Raphe Nuclei/physiology; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Receptors, GABA-A/physiology; Serotonin/physiology; Synaptic Transmission; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/analogs & derivatives;