Article date: 1985/11/1
PubMed ID: 3000759
Journal name: Epilepsia (ISSN: 0013-9580)
The effect of the experimental antiepileptic gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) agonist drug progabide, [alpha-(chloro-4-phenyl)fluor-5-hydroxy-2-benzilideneamino]-4-buty ramide, on the trigeminal complex of cats was compared with the effect of established antiepileptic drugs and with the effect of various GABA agonists and antagonists. Intravenous administration of 10-40 mg/kg progabide depressed excitatory transmission and descending periventricular inhibition, similar to carbamazepine and phenytoin. However, progabide depressed, rather than facilitated, segmental inhibition. The serum levels of progabide were comparable with those in patients receiving long-term treatment with progabide. The GABA antagonist bicuculline had the opposite effect of progabide on our experimental model, but the other GABA agonists THIP (4,5,6,7-tetrahydroisoxazolo-5,4-C-pyridine-3-ol) and muscimol did not have the same effects as progabide. THIP had no effect on excitatory transmission, periventricular inhibition, or segmental inhibition, whereas muscimol facilitated periventricular inhibition and sometimes segmental inhibition and had no effect on excitatory transmission. Our experiments thus indicate that progabide, but not THIP or muscimol, should have antiepileptic properties, in agreement with the clinical experiences that have been reported. The reason for the differential effect of these three GABA agonists remains to be elucidated.
Author List: Fromm G H, Terrence C F, Chattha A S
Publication Types: Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Substances mentioned in the article: Anticonvulsants; GABA Antagonists; Isoxazoles; Muscimol; Carbamazepine; progabide; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; Ethosuximide; gaboxadol; Bicuculline;
Mesh terms: Animals; Anticonvulsants/pharmacology; Bicuculline/pharmacology; Carbamazepine/pharmacology; Cats; Ethosuximide/pharmacology; GABA Antagonists; Isoxazoles/pharmacology; Maxillary Nerve/physiology; Muscimol/pharmacology; Reaction Time/drug effects; Seizures/drug therapy; Synaptic Transmission/drug effects; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/analogs & derivatives;