Effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor agonists on the secretion of growth hormone, luteinizing hormone, adrenocorticotrophic hormone and thyroid-stimulating hormone from the rat pituitary gland in vitro.

Article date: 1986/1/1

PubMed ID: 3003218

Journal name: The Journal of endocrinology (ISSN: 0022-0795)


The effects of the gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor agonists muscimol and baclofen were investigated on the secretion of GH, LH, ACTH and TSH from the anterior pituitary in vitro using a rapid superfusion system. A bicuculline-sensitive stimulatory effect of muscimol was demonstrated on the secretion of GH, LH and ACTH but not TSH. Baclofen had no effect on the basal secretion of any of the hormones, but inhibited LH-releasing hormone-stimulated release of LH and K+- and Ba2+-stimulated release of ACTH. The benzodiazepine Roll-6896 and the barbiturate secobarbital were found to potentiate the effect of muscimol on GH secretion. These results demonstrate the presence of GABAA receptors on somatotrophs, gonadotrophs and corticotrophs, and the presence of GABAB receptors on gonadotrophs and corticotrophs. Thyrotrophs appear devoid of GABA receptors.

This document is available from: http://directlinks.cc/files/muscimol/3003218.pdf

Author List: Anderson R A, Mitchell R

Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Substances mentioned in the article: Pituitary Hormones, Anterior; Muscimol; Adrenocorticotropic Hormone; Luteinizing Hormone; Thyrotropin; Growth Hormone; Baclofen;

Mesh terms: Adrenocorticotropic Hormone/secretion; Animals; Baclofen/pharmacology; Growth Hormone/secretion; In Vitro Techniques; Luteinizing Hormone/secretion; Male; Muscimol/pharmacology; Pituitary Hormones, Anterior/secretion; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Stimulation, Chemical; Thyrotropin/secretion;

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