Article date: 1986/1/29
PubMed ID: 3004649
Journal name: Brain research (ISSN: 0006-8993)
The present study provides a detailed report about similarities and dissimilarities between the effects of neostriatally applied dopaminergic (apomorphine, 250-300 ng; haloperidol, 250-500 ng), cholinergic (carbachol, 50-100 ng; scopolamine, 200-500 ng), and GABAergic (muscimol, 1-2 ng; bicuculline, 5-35 ng) drugs upon swimming of rats. The used swimming test consisted of 4 parts: (a) open-field test for analyzing drug-induced changes in normal behavior; (b) 'swimming without escape' test for analyzing drug-induced changes in the ability to switch from one type of behavior to another; © 'swimming with escape' test for analyzing drug-induced changes in the ability to switch from ongoing swimming behavior to climbing behavior by allowing the rats to escape via a rope; and (d) 'rope' test for analyzing drug-induced changes in the kind of contact behaviors needed to switch to the latter climbing behavior. In the open-field test the drugs produced neither abnormal behavior nor motor disturbances, which prevented the display of normal behavior in the remaining tests. Both apomorphine and carbachol produced identical effects in all tests. Muscimol produced overall effects which were not only opposite to those of apomorphine and carbachol, but also comparable to those of scopolamine. All effects elicited by apomorphine, carbachol and muscimol were antagonized by their corresponding antagonists: haloperidol, scopolamine and bicuculline respectively, whereas the effects of the latter were suppressed by their corresponding agonists. These data globally show that dopamine and acetylcholine act in the same direction but opposite to that of GABA as far as it concerns the regions investigated. The finding that haloperidol injected into the GABA target area produced effects which were not only similar to those of haloperidol injected into the dopamine target area, but also dissimilar to those of muscimol and bicuculline injected into the GABA target area, shows that the effects were drug-specific rather than region-specific. Though 3 distinct cholinergic regions were investigated, cholinergic-specific effects could only be elicited from one region, suggesting that the neostriatum is heterogeneous in this respect. Finally, well-delineated dissimilarities between haloperidol-, scopolamine-, and muscimol-treated rats were found in the rope test. These data show that behavior-relevant information transmitted by GABAergic drugs surmounted that transmitted by cholinergic drugs which, in turn, surmounted behavior-relevant information transmitted by dopaminergic drugs.
Author List: Vrijmoed-de Vries M C, Cools A R
Publication Types: Comparative Study; Journal Article
Substances mentioned in the article: gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; Haloperidol; Acetylcholine; Dopamine;
Mesh terms: Acetylcholine/physiology; Animals; Brain Mapping; Corpus Striatum/drug effects; Dopamine/physiology; Haloperidol/pharmacology; Male; Motor Activity/drug effects; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Swimming; Synaptic Transmission; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/physiology;