Article date: 1986/9/1
PubMed ID: 3018415
Journal name: Life sciences (ISSN: 0024-3205)
Adult male and female genetically seizure-prone rats were assessed for sound-induced seizures. Heterozygous control groups were compared with mild seizure (designated GEPR 3) and severe seizure animals (GEPR 9). Groups of animals were killed and crude synaptosome fractions (P2) prepared from freshly dissected cerebral cortices. Binding sites for gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) were assessed by [3H]-muscimol in the absence or presence of excess GABA and/or pentobarbital. Binding sites for benzodiazepines were assessed by [3H]-flunitrazepam in the presence or absence of clonazepam. Compared to controls, GEPR 3 animals had a modest increase and GEPR 9 animals a larger increase in Bmax for both high and low affinity GABA sites, with no change in Kd. Chloride-dependent, barbiturate-enhanced GABA binding (increased Bmax) was observed in all conditions and groups. Likewise benzodiazepine binding (Bmax) increased slightly in GEPR 9 animals. There were no observed changes in binding sites for a survey of biogenic amines. Seizure-prone animals appear to have compensatory denervation-like supersensitivity for their most prominent inhibitory receptor, which may or may not be linked to the seizure event.
Author List: Booker J G, Dailey J W, Jobe P C, Lane J D
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Substances mentioned in the article: Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha; Receptors, Adrenergic, beta; Receptors, GABA-A; Muscimol; Serotonin; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; Dopamine;
Mesh terms: Animals; Cerebral Cortex/metabolism; Dopamine/metabolism; Epilepsy/genetics; Female; Kinetics; Male; Muscimol/metabolism; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha/metabolism; Receptors, Adrenergic, beta/metabolism; Receptors, GABA-A/metabolism; Serotonin/metabolism; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/metabolism;