Article date: 1987/3/2
PubMed ID: 3029529
Journal name: Life sciences (ISSN: 0024-3205)
In the present study, the ability of three direct GABA agonists, muscimol, THIP and SL 76002 to displace 3H-GABA binding from anterior pituitary and medio-basal hypothalamus membranes was evaluated. Further, the effect of both THIP and SL 76002 on baseline prolactin levels or after stimulation of hormone release with haloperidol has been also studied. Either muscimol, THIP or SL 76002 have shown to posses 7-, 7- and 3-fold higher affinity, respectively, for the central nervous system than for the anterior pituitary 3H-GABA binding sites. Moreover, THIP and SL 76002 have demonstrated to be respectively, 25- and 1000- fold less potent than muscimol in inhibiting 3H- GABA binding at the level of the anterior pituitary and about 25- and 2700- fold less potent at the level of the medio-basal hypothalamus. Under basal conditions, either THIP or SL 76002 were ineffective to reduce prolactin release. However, after stimulation of prolactin secretion through blockade of the dopaminergic neurotransmission with haloperidol (0.1 mg/kg), both THIP (10 mg/kg) and SL 76002 (200 mg/kg) significantly counteracted the neuroleptic-induced prolactin rise with a potency which is in line with their ability to inhibit 3H-GABA binding in the anterior pituitary. The present results indicate that both compounds inhibit prolactin release under specific experimental situations probably through a GABAergic mechanism. In view of the endocrine effects of these GABA-mimetic compounds, the possibility arises for an application of these type of drugs in clinical neuroendocrinology.
Author List: Apud J A, Masotto C, Racagni G
Publication Types: Journal Article
Substances mentioned in the article: Anticonvulsants; Isoxazoles; Oxazoles; Receptors, GABA-A; Muscimol; progabide; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; Prolactin; Haloperidol; gaboxadol; Bicuculline;
Mesh terms: Animals; Anticonvulsants/pharmacology; Bicuculline/pharmacology; Binding, Competitive; Female; Haloperidol/pharmacology; Isoxazoles/pharmacology; Kinetics; Male; Muscimol/pharmacology; Ovariectomy; Oxazoles/pharmacology; Pituitary Gland, Anterior/drug effects; Prolactin/secretion; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Receptors, GABA-A/drug effects; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/analogs & derivatives;