Central inhibition by gamma-aminobutyric acid of the release of vasopressin by carbachol in the rat.

Article date: 1988/2/1

PubMed ID: 490160

Journal name: British journal of pharmacology (ISSN: 0007-1188)


1. gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) inhibited the antidiuretic response and the increased urinary excretion of vasopressin produced by carbachol when both drugs were injected into a lateral cerebral ventricle (i.c.v.) in the water-loaded rat under ethanol anaesthesia. 2. The inhibitory effect of GABA was mimicked by muscimol and 3-amino-1-propane sulphonic acid (3-APS) and blocked by bicuculline. 3. GABA injected i.v. or into the cisterna magna (i.cist.) did not inhibit the release of vasopressin by carbachol injected i.c.v. 4. The results suggest a role for GABA as a putative inhibitory transmitter in the hypothalamo-neurohypophysial system, acting directly on the supraoptic or paraventricular nuclei in the anterior hypothalamus.

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