Striato-nigral dynorphin and substance P pathways in the rat. I. Biochemical and immunohistochemical studies.

Article date: 1986/1/1

PubMed ID: 843903

Journal name: Experimental brain research (ISSN: 0014-4819)


The effect of striatal ibotenic acid lesions on dynorphin-, substance P- and enkephalin-like immunoreactivities in the substantia nigra has been studied with immunohistochemistry as well as biochemistry. A comparison was made with the effects produced by intranigral ibotenic acid lesion and by 6-hydroxy-dopamine injection into the medial forebrain bundle. In addition, the effect of the striatal lesions on nigral glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD)-positive structures was analysed with immunohistochemistry. The effect of the lesions was analysed functionally in the Ungerstedt rotational model, in order to obtain a preliminary evaluation of the extent of the lesions. The striatal lesions produced a parallel depletion of dynorphin and substance P levels in the substantia nigra, pars reticulata, ipsilateral to the treated side, which was dependent upon the extent and location of the lesion. Ibotenic acid lesions into the tail and the corpus of the striatum produced stronger nigral-peptide depletion than lesions in the head and the corpus of the striatum. Comparison of placement of lesions and localization of depleted area in the substantia nigra revealed a topographical relationship. Furthermore, the nigral depletion patterns of dynorphin and substance P were similar. The immunohistochemical analysis revealed that also GAD-positive fibers in the pars reticulata to a large extent disappeared after striatal lesions, in parallel to the dynorphin- and substance P-positive fibers. However, the depletion was less pronounced for GAD than for the peptides, probably related to presence of local GABA neurons in the zona reticulata of the substantia nigra. These results indicate that with the types of lesion used in this study it is not possible to provide evidence for a differential localization within the striatum of dynorphin-, substance P- and GABA-positive cell bodies projecting to the substantia nigra. The radioimmunoassay showed that (Leu)- but not (Met)-enkephalin was affected to the same extent as the dynorphin peptides, supporting the view that (Leu)-enkephalin in the pars reticulata of the substantia nigra is derived from proenkephalin B and not from proenkephalin A. In the immunohistochemical analysis (Met)-enkephalin-like immunoreactivity could only be detected in the pars compacta of the substantia nigra and did not seem to be affected by any of the lesions. The striatal lesions produced a behavioural asymmetry, which could be disclosed by stimulating the rats with apomorphine, which produced ipsilateral rotation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Author List: Christensson-Nylander I, Herrera-Marschitz M, Staines W, Hökfelt T, Terenius L, Ungerstedt U, Cuello C, Oertel W H, Goldstein M

Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Substances mentioned in the article: Enkephalins; Substance P; Enkephalin, Methionine; Enkephalin, Leucine; Dynorphins; Glutamate Decarboxylase;

Mesh terms: Animals; Corpus Striatum/physiology; Dynorphins/physiology; Enkephalin, Leucine/physiology; Enkephalin, Methionine/physiology; Enkephalins/physiology; Glutamate Decarboxylase/metabolism; Male; Motor Activity/physiology; Neural Pathways/physiology; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Substance P/physiology; Substantia Nigra/physiology;

Citations: - 6104286

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