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902105 [2018/11/20 14:26] (current)
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 +====== Rigidity and catalepsy after injections of muscimol into the ventromedial thalamic nucleus: an electromyographic study in the rat.======
 +
 +** Article date:** 1985/1/1
 +~~META:date created = 1985-01-01~~
 +
 +** PubMed ID: 902105 **
 +
 +** Journal name: Experimental brain research (ISSN: 0014-4819) **
 +
 +** ABSTRACT **
 +
 +The cataleptic state induced by injection of the GABAmimetic drug muscimol into the rat's ventromedial thalamic nucleus (VM) was examined using an electromyographic (EMG) approach. Muscimol in doses up to 50 ng/0.5 microliter injected into the VM induced a tonic EMG activity in the gastrocnemius muscle which is considered to be a measure of limb rigidity. This tonic EMG activity was found to be dose-dependent,​ GABA specific and locus specific. By recording EMG signals from chronically implanted electrodes in awake, unrestrained rats it was shown that muscular reactions serving to maintain the animal'​s static equilibrium were intact in the state of VM induced catalepsy. However, animals were unable to initiate movements or locomotion even when they were forced by strong external stimuli. It was found that the animals'​ immobility was due to an inability to induce a phasic activation of their muscles whereas tonic activation still occurred. It is concluded that the rat's VM is part of a neuronal chain conducting information relevant for the expression of limb rigidity, the VM is involved in the central mechanisms responsible for the phasic activation of a set of muscles.
 +
 +===== ===== 
 +
 +Author List: Klockgether T, Schwarz M, Turski L, Wolfarth S, Sontag K H
 +
 +Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
 +
 +Substances mentioned in the article: Oxazoles; Muscimol; Bicuculline; ​
 +
 +Mesh terms: Animals; Bicuculline/​pharmacology;​ Catalepsy/​chemically induced; Electromyography;​ Humans; Male; Muscimol/​pharmacology;​ Muscle Rigidity/​chemically induced; Oxazoles/​pharmacology;​ Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Restraint, Physical; Thalamic Nuclei/drug effects; ​
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 +Citations: ​  - //​[[1247900]]//​
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 +  - //​[[902105]]//​
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 +{{tag> Oxazoles Bicuculline Muscimol }}
 +
 +{{keywords>​ Oxazoles, Bicuculline,​ Muscimol}}
 +
  
902105.txt ยท Last modified: 2018/11/20 14:26 (external edit)